The Persian is an old breed.
To those who love this elegant cat, it will come as no surprise that
the longhaired beauty originated in the cradle of civilization:
Mesopotamia, which was later known as Persia and is now modern-day Iran.
The breed’s long hair was probably the result of a natural mutation,
and its striking appearance attracted the attention of 17
Italian nobleman and world traveler Pietro Della Valle, who is credited
with bringing the first longhaired cats to Europe in 1626. At that
time, the cats had shiny, silky gray fur, but thanks to selective
breeding Persians are now found in a kaleidoscope of colors, including
bi-color (a color plus white).
The most important thing to understand
about caring for a Persian is the need for daily grooming. That long,
beautiful coat doesn’t stay clean and tangle-free on its own. It must be
gently but thoroughly combed and brushed every day, and regular
bathing—at least once a month—is a good idea.
Follow the tips ensures these cats live happy, healthy
existences with responsible owners who may enjoy their soothing presence
for many years.
Regular dental care is an important and often overlooked part of a
cat's overall health. Periodontal disease in felines is a real threat,
causing problems with various organs and almost surely shortening the
life span of cats if left untreated.
Frequent brushing is ideal, and some owners have no problem using
a small toothbrush or a thimble like rubber piece that fits over the
finger to clean and remove plaque and tartar from the teeth.
While not practical, daily brushing is the only way to guarantee
that their oral health will be good and free of problems. Beyond
brushing, there are other steps you can take to help with oral hygiene
including tartar control treats, fluoride that goes in the water and
chewy devices that loosen plaque. These can all help when used on a
2. Give Vegetarian Diet
Though natural carnivores, Persian
longhairs respond fine to a diet comprised of commercial vegetarian food
supplemented by wheatgrass. A sturdy but somewhat languid breed, some
cats struggle against weight issues. Vegetarian diets prevent some of
the unhealthy additional weight gain that many Persian cats face, so it
is a possible route to consider when owning one facing these problems.
It is never a wise idea to switch a pet’s diet without prior
consultation with a veterinarian, however. Keep the cat in question on
the same dietary regimen as always before receiving professional
approval. To make the transition, start incorporating the new food into a
normal diet little by little until replacing the old food completely.
This cuts down on any potential intestinal disrupts experienced as a
result of an abrupt dietary shift. The addition of wheatgrass – which
grows easily and rapidly in a windowsill – acts as a digestive aid for
cats with sensitive stomachs.
for the Scottish Fold and controversial “Puppykat” breeds, most
domestic felines harbor a legendary aversion to water. Unfortunately,
Persian cats require weekly or monthly baths – especially if they ever
venture outdoors. The frequency of these baths depends on owner
preference, vet recommendations, and the animal’s lifestyle. Cats who
traverse the yard pick up dirt, bugs, twigs, and other detritus harmful
to their lengthy pelts and the home, and therefore require more bathing
than those spending their lives indoors. But even homebound Persians
have their own unsanitary risks. Being longhaired, excursions to the
litter box may result in fecal matter becoming accidentally stuck, even
embedded, on the legs or tail. This poses a health hazard not only to
the cat, who may accidentally ingest the substances during personal
grooming sessions, but their owners as well. Regular bathing reduces the
spread of bacteria across the home and helps keeps Persians and their
masters and mistresses healthy.
4. Clean around their Eyes
Persian Cats are flat, snub-nosed face
that characterizes the breed, Persian cats have a tendency to suffer
from teary, gooey, or crusty eyes. As a result, their faces may become
discolored and infected with bacteria. Lighter colored cats may end up
with unsightly staining around the eyes if the draining remains
unchecked. Depending on the severity of the leakage, they will need
cleaning once or twice a day to prevent health and aesthetic issues.
Cats with more pronounced muzzles tend to deal with these issues less
frequently than those with much flatter faces. Commercial wipes and tear
stain remover have been specially formulated for use around (never in)
the eyes. However, those on a limited budget may use a tissue, paper
towel dampened with warm water, or a soft washcloth to get the job done
as well. Extra care must be taken during the cleaning ritual, as Persian
longhairs are already prone to cornea scratches, ulcerations, and/or
cloudiness as well. Slippage may result in further damaging an already
5. Keep Indoors
While many cat breeds relish the
outdoors, it is best for those of the Persian variety to only venture
outside the house in small doses for a number of different reasons.
Their long pelt traps more dirt, sticks, grass, and leaves as well as
ticks, fleas, nits, chiggers, and other pests than shorthaired cats.
Tracking in such a mess poses a health hazard for human and animal
residents alike and demands precious time to clean. In addition, a
Persian’s majestic coat stems from the breed’s origins in the Iranian
deserts. Exposure to particularly humid or frigid climates may prove
uncomfortable for extended periods of time, as they are more
biologically adept to subsist where the atmosphere remains more arid.
However, cats who have been shaved – most especially in the popular and
visually comical “lion cut” – function better in the outdoors for longer
spans of time than those who have not. Obviously, though, this is
unadvisable during colder, wetter months. Though shaving reduces the
chances of the cat dragging in elements best left outdoors, it does not
eliminate the threat entirely
6. Kidney Issues
36% and 49% of the Persian cat population suffers from polycystic
kidney disease, or PKD. Symptoms begin developing between 3 and 10 years
of age and include depression, apathy towards cleaning, weight loss due
to a dwindling appetite, and frequent drinking and urination. It
results from cysts growing in and around a kidney, eventually growing to
replace the organ issue entirely. If left unchecked or undiagnosed, it
can lead to enlarged and inevitably failing kidneys. Breeders have done
their best to prevent PKD from further tormenting the gene pool, but it
has sadly not become eradicated entirely. Owners with the means may want
to have their cat screened for the disease via DNA screening or
ultrasound if they are concerned it may play host. Regardless of
pocketbook, however, all responsible Persian masters and mistresses must
whisk their pets to the veterinarian’s office once the symptoms appear
to emerge. There is unfortunately no cure for the disease right now in
either humans or cats, so owners must face a grim decision after
consulting with an animal healthcare professional.
7. Most Persian Cats are terribly active.
Breeders and cat fanciers alike approve
of Persian longhairs as ideal apartment cats due to their relatively
lackadaisical activity. Notorious sun worshippers, they love nothing
more than to stretch out with their bellies towards the sparkling warmth
pouring in through the window. This makes them fine, low-intensity pets
in a house with children, elderly adults, and/or the disabled who may
grow overstimulated or exhausted with hyperactive pets. Unfortunately,
behaving more like a decoration than a companion may lead to weight
management issues. Along with a vegetarian diet, Persian cats can keep
their bodies healthy by engaging in regular exercise with their owners.
Any sort of play – especially involving balls, catnip, simple lengths of
yarn, or other toys – helps maintain their waistlines and occupy their
minds. Yet another drawback to their slothful demeanors is the lack of
mental stimuli once the playthings get put away. For indoor cats, simply
leaving the blinds open provides them with something external,
unfamiliar, and occasionally dynamic to watch throughout their day. Even
though they will never capture the tempting squirrels or birds flirting
through the window, being able to watch them is sufficient to keep
their brains moving. Owners unconcerned with electricity bills may want
to leave the television on as an alternative.
8.Food and Water
You want to make sure that a constant supply of fresh dry food and
clean water is always available for your Persian cat. Make sure and
choose a brand such as Iams or Science Diet that is known to be a
quality product. When you get a new kitten or adult Persian, you may
have to try different food combinations until they find something that
they like and will eat on a regular basis. Don't be afraid to ask your
vet for recommendations on food that will benefit your Persian's health.
The amount of wet food you feed your Persian is entirely up to
you, but we recommend it as an alternative to daily dry food. Maybe you
can offer wet food as a treat two or three times a week in addition to
the daily dry food. The choice is yours, as long as you are providing
adequate nourishment for your Persian.
It is generally not a good idea to feed your cat ‘people food',
as some food can be dangerous or even fatal if fed to your Persian. Try
and stick with quality cat food products, and offer treats and kitty
snacks as an alternative.
The Persian cat is a wonderful breed, but compared to shorter hair
cats, grooming can be a real chore. Their coat is very thick, and also
includes an undercoat so it feels like they have two coats instead of
one. They will groom themselves on a regular basis, but you will need to
help out. Daily brushing is encouraged to prevent matting of the fur
and forming of knots. Brushing will also help control the volume of
shedding that takes place. A fine wire brush is an excellent tool to
keep the fur clean and smooth.
It really depends on the personality of your Persian, but most
will probably enjoy getting brushed. If you start the brushing routine
as a kitten, it should become a normal activity that they may even look
Baths may be necessary after a period of time if the coat becomes
dirty or tangled. Most cats do not enjoy baths, so try and limit both
the exposure time and frequency to reduce the ‘fear factor'.
10. Attention to their Nostrils
Due to their flat faces, many Persian
cats suffer from breathing difficulties – more extreme cases are
relegated to inhaling and exhaling exclusively through the mouth.
Responsible owners must check them every day for nasal obstructions, as
they impact these felines moreso than those with normal muzzles. The
less pronounced the animal’s muzzle, the more labored their breathing.
Cats with severe issues related to their nose and its role in
respiration may qualify for a surgical procedure involving their
enlargement. Sinus infections and simple colds also negatively affect
the Persian breed’s nasal passages as well, so it is always a wise idea
to keep a close eye on their general health. Some snorting and sneezing
naturally results from their unusual facial bone structure. It is only
when this becomes excessive that the cat’s master or mistress should
11. Persian Cat Ear Cleaning
with most cats, Persians are unable to groom themselves inside their
own ears. Their owners must take the responsibility to clean out
uncomfortable and disruptive waxy buildup. This may be accomplished with
special swabs, a tissue, dampened paper towel, or soft washcloth.
Because their ears host some of the most sensitive skin on a cat’s body,
special care must be taken to ensure the procedure ensues as quickly,
efficiently, and tenderly as possible. Always make sure to check for
mites as well, which oftentimes leave behind a rust-tinted crust in and
around the ear. These cause considerable trouble for cats, who often
react to their presence with visibly pained squirming and frequent
scratching and head shaking. It is essential to treat ear mite
infestations with the recommended medications as quickly as possible
before the victim suffers from permanent hearing damage or other
Your Persian cat will inevitably develop hairballs, and brushing on a
regular basis will greatly help in preventing it to occur. You can also
use a hairball formula dry food, and give hairball formula (often malt
flavored) to your cat to help prevent and treat hairball problems.
13. Their affection can sometimes turn to Clinginess
Though generally possessing a rather
docile demeanor, Persian longhairs are also beloved for their capacity
for great affection as well. They love cuddling, attention, and sleeping
with or near their owners. However, there are moments when the cats’
desire for validation may become overwhelming. Begging for pats,
scratches, and even playtime may not necessarily be the norm, but pets
feeling ignored as their masters or mistresses deal with their everyday
lives do freely express their emotions. Rescue cats may especially
develop overly loving personalities, having grown lonely and desperate
due to an abusive background. Unlike some animals such as sugar gliders,
however, cats will not self-mutilate if they do not receive adequate
attention. Owners should not face too much pressure should work, family,
and other obligations have to take precedence over the persistent
Persian for a while because of this. The clinginess may prove irritating
at times, but ignoring it has no real dire consequences.
14. Hair Shedding
Unsurprisingly, longhaired cats such as
Persians pose a shedding problem for their owners. While numerous
effective devices to clean up the fallen hairs exist, they do not
address the problem at the main source. Daily brushing removes the loose
bits of the undercoat and overcoat alike, meaning more fur in the comb
instead of the couch. Regular bathing and shampooing is another method
of reducing shedding as well. Some cat fanciers opt to shave their pets
as well, with the “lion cut” considered one of the more popular styles.
Groomers remove most of the hair off the body, leaving the paws, head,
and part of the tail untouched. The result may render a cat looking like
a delightfully whimsical absurdity straight out of Monty Python,
but it still makes for an excellent method of preventing shedding and
keeping a home safer from airborne fuzz balls and other unsightly
General Info : The average life span of a Persian
longhair is very much the same as other cats. They generally live
between 10 and 15 years, though hearty specimens from reliable breeders
intent on eradicating genetic defects may go on to enjoy 20. Owners
diligent about taking care of their cats – bathing them, cleaning their
ears, nose, eyes and fur, feeding them properly, and taking them in for
regular veterinarian appointments – may enjoy the company of their
beloved pets for almost 2 decades.
By following these guidelines, Persian
cat owners can guarantee the health and safety of their beloved pet as
well as minimize the damage of hairballs, shedding, and other irritants.
Taking proper care of these widely popular animals ensures that future
generations may also enjoy gratifying affection courtesy of the
heartier, happier descendents of today’s housecats.
From SpicyAdz.in : Persian Cat for sale in India